Quiz Over Chapter 1 of the
The Typical Format of Journal
- What is the French (but originally Latin) word that means the same
thing as "abstract"?
- The abstract is typically positioned after the ______ and the names
of the ______ .
- Abstracts are usually set off from the rest of the article's text
by having it appear in one of two ways: in italics or in _______ .
- Does an abstract normally highlight important findings from previous
- Based on the information in Excerpt 1.1, how many women were
involved in the study?
- An article's Introduction usually contains 2 things: the study's
background and the _______ .
- The "background" is often referred to as the "______ __ ______."
- It is ______ (typical/rare) for a researcher to conduct a study that's
unconnected to others' studies.
- In Excerpt 1.2, how many of the author's 9 sentences are tied to previous
- (T/F) The "statement of purpose" is always located immediately prior
to the article's 1st main heading.
- Do researchers ever conduct studies in which they have no hypotheses?
- Does the material on page 5 (in the 1st paragraph under "Hypotheses") argue for
or against the practice of authors stating
their research hypotheses in the introduction of the journal article?
- In Excerpt 1.4, we learn that the researcher's hypotheses (i.e., predictions)
for the Euro-American women and the African American women were _________
- Is it typical for there to be a heading in the research summary called
- Ideally, the Method section should contain enough information so
the reader could do what?
- The participants of a study are sometimes called the ______ .
- The section called "Participants" should answer three questions about
the people used in a study. These three questions take the form: (1)
Who? (2) How Many? (3) _______?
- Excerpt 1.5 indicates that this study's participants were recruited by
by means of ______ (TV/radio/newspaper/Internet) ads.
- A study's "Materials" may be described under the alternative headings
Equipment, _____, or _____ .
- To address a measuring instrument's psychometric properties, researchers
ought to discuss ___ & ___ .
- A researcher ___ (should/shouldn't) present evidence of instrument
quality if an existing and respected instrument has been used in his/her
- (T/F) In a study comparing boys and girls in terms of reading speed,
the dependent variable would be gender.
- It ___ (is/isn't) best to define the dependent variable as equivalent
to the data collected in the study.
- Like the full Method section, a well-done description of the procedures
should allow a reader to do what?
- (T/F) In Excerpt 1.7, we learn that ___ (all/some/none) of the participants
received behavioral support and educational approaches to exercise.
- In Excerpt 1.8, we are told that the researcher's power analysis suggested that
___ participants were required in each comparison group.
- In Excerpt 1.9, we learn that among the African-American participants, there
_____ (was/wasn't) a significant correlation between exercise session attendance
and Body Mass Index.
- (T/F) The reviewers who serve on editorial boards do not catch
all of the mistakes made by researchers.
- (T/F) Only sophisticated mathematicians can understand/evaluate what's
in an article's Results section.
- To decipher the Results section of articles, you need to become familiar
with the terminology, ______, and ______ used by researchers.
- (T/F) In the Discussion section, many researchers provide not only
an answer to the research question but also their ideas as to why the
results turned out as they did.
- Do researchers ever use the Discussion section to talk about ideas
for further investigations?
- The word ______ is sometimes used as a section heading instead of
the word "Discussion."
- In Excerpt 1.10, does the researcher discuss any limitations of his
- In the Reference section, an author will usually list relevant source
material that ___ (was/wasn't) referred to in earlier parts of the journal
- (T/F) Excerpt 1.11 contains References. Only some of the items
cited in this list were referred to by the author in the "background" section
of the article.
Two Final Comments
- The parts of the research article shown in Excerpts 1.1-1.11 were
____ (highly/loosely) interconnected.
- (T/F) If you can understand completely everything that's included
in the abstract of a research article that's aligned with your interests,
there's no reason to spend time reading the entire article.
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