Quiz Over Chapter 1 of the 6th Edition


The Typical Format of Journal Articles

Abstract

  1. What is the French (but originally Latin) word that means the same thing as "abstract"?
  2. The abstract is typically positioned after the ______ and the names of the ______ .
  3. Abstracts are usually set off from the rest of the article's text by having it appear in one of two ways: in italics or in _______ .
  4. Does an abstract normally highlight important findings from previous research studies?
  5. Based on the information in Excerpt 1.1, how many women were involved in the study?

Introduction
  1. An article's Introduction usually contains 2 things: the study's background and the _______ .
  2. The "background" is often referred to as the "______ __ ______."
  3. It is ______ (typical/rare) for a researcher to conduct a study that's unconnected to others' studies.
  4. In Excerpt 1.2, how many of the author's 9 sentences are tied to previous research studies?
  5. (T/F) The "statement of purpose" is always located immediately prior to the article's 1st main heading.
  6. Do researchers ever conduct studies in which they have no hypotheses?
  7. Does the material on page 5 (in the 1st paragraph under "Hypotheses") argue for or against the practice of authors stating their research hypotheses in the introduction of the journal article?
  8. In Excerpt 1.4, we learn that the researcher's hypotheses (i.e., predictions) for the Euro-American women and the African American women were _________ (the same/different).
  9. Is it typical for there to be a heading in the research summary called "Introduction"?

Method
  1. Ideally, the Method section should contain enough information so the reader could do what?
  2. The participants of a study are sometimes called the ______ .
  3. The section called "Participants" should answer three questions about the people used in a study. These three questions take the form: (1) Who? (2) How Many? (3) _______?
  4. Excerpt 1.5 indicates that this study's participants were recruited by by means of ______ (TV/radio/newspaper/Internet) ads.
  5. A study's "Materials" may be described under the alternative headings Equipment, _____, or _____ .
  6. To address a measuring instrument's psychometric properties, researchers ought to discuss ___ & ___ .
  7. A researcher ___ (should/shouldn't) present evidence of instrument quality if an existing and respected instrument has been used in his/her study.
  8. (T/F) In a study comparing boys and girls in terms of reading speed, the dependent variable would be gender.
  9. It ___ (is/isn't) best to define the dependent variable as equivalent to the data collected in the study.
  10. Like the full Method section, a well-done description of the procedures should allow a reader to do what?
  11. (T/F) In Excerpt 1.7, we learn that ___ (all/some/none) of the participants received behavioral support and educational approaches to exercise.
  12. In Excerpt 1.8, we are told that the researcher's power analysis suggested that ___ participants were required in each comparison group.

Results
  1. In Excerpt 1.9, we learn that among the African-American participants, there _____ (was/wasn't) a significant correlation between exercise session attendance and Body Mass Index.
  2. (T/F) The reviewers who serve on editorial boards do not catch all of the mistakes made by researchers.
  3. (T/F) Only sophisticated mathematicians can understand/evaluate what's in an article's Results section.
  4. To decipher the Results section of articles, you need to become familiar with the terminology, ______, and ______ used by researchers.

Discussion
  1. (T/F) In the Discussion section, many researchers provide not only an answer to the research question but also their ideas as to why the results turned out as they did.
  2. Do researchers ever use the Discussion section to talk about ideas for further investigations?
  3. The word ______ is sometimes used as a section heading instead of the word "Discussion."
  4. In Excerpt 1.10, does the researcher discuss any limitations of his study?

References
  1. In the Reference section, an author will usually list relevant source material that ___ (was/wasn't) referred to in earlier parts of the journal article.
  2. (T/F) Excerpt 1.11 contains References. Only some of the items cited in this list were referred to by the author in the "background" section of the article.

Two Final Comments
  1. The parts of the research article shown in Excerpts 1.1-1.11 were ____ (highly/loosely) interconnected.
  2. (T/F) If you can understand completely everything that's included in the abstract of a research article that's aligned with your interests, there's no reason to spend time reading the entire article.


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