Quiz Over Chapter 1 of the 6th Edition


The Typical Format of Journal Articles

Abstract
  1. What is the French (but originally Latin) word that means the same thing as "abstract"?
    Artois
    Loire
    Precis
    Somme
  2. Where is an article's abstract typically positioned?
    At the beginning
    In the middle
    At the end
  3. Abstracts are usually set off from the rest of the article's text by having it appear in one of two ways: in italics or _______ .
  4. underlined
    in a box
    in small print
    in color
  5. Does an abstract normally highlight important findings from previous research studies?
    Yes
    No
  6. Based on the information in Excerpt 1.1, how many students were involved in the study?
    97
    79
    176
Introduction
  1. An article's Introduction usually contains 2 things: the study's background and _______ .
  2. a listing of who supported the study financially
    a statement of the study's purpose
    a disclosure of the study's limitations
    an overview of the study's results
  3. The "background" is often referred to as the "______."
  4. review of literature
    voice of wisdom
    past brought forward
    key to success
  5. It is ______ for a researcher to conduct a study that's unconnected to others' studies.
  6. typical
    rare
  7. In Excerpt 1.2, how many of the author's 9 sentences are tied to previous research studies?
  8. 2
    5
    8
  9. The "statement of purpose" is always located immediately prior to the article's 1st main heading.
  10. True
    False
  11. Do researchers ever conduct studies in which they have no hypotheses?
  12. Yes
    No
  13. Does the material on page 5 (in the 1st paragraph under "Hypotheses") argue for or against the practice of authors stating their research hypotheses in the introduction of the journal article?
  14. It argues for this practice.
    It argues against this practice.
  15. In Excerpt 1.4, we learn that the researcher's hypotheses (i.e., predictions) for the Euro-American women and the African American women were _________ .
  16. the same
    different
  17. Is it typical for there to be a heading in the research summary called "Introduction"?
  18. Yes
    No
Method
  1. Ideally, the Method section should contain enough information so the reader can do what?
  2. Summarize the study without notes.
    Anticipate the study's results.
    Think of another study that used the same methodology.
    Replicate the study.
  3. The participants of a study are sometimes called the ______ .
  4. guinea pigs
    prisoners
    slaves
    subjects
  5. The section called "Participants" should answer three questions about the people used in a study. These three questions take the form: (1) Who? (2) How Many? (3) _______?
  6. Did they receive money>
    Where did they come from?
    Were they ignorant of the researcher's hunches?
    How hard did they try to do well?
  7. Excerpt 1.5 indicates that this study's participants were recruited by means of ___________ ads .
  8. TV
    radio
    newspaper
    Internet
  9. A study's "Materials" may be described under the alternative headings Equipment, Apparatus, or _____ .
  10. Accessories
    Instruments
    Paraphernalia
    Supplies
  11. To address a measuring instrument's psychometric properties, researchers ought to discuss its
  12. history and cost
    scoring procedures and time limits
    content and format
    reliability and validity
  13. A researcher ___ present evidence of instrument quality if an existing and respected instrument has been used in his/her study.
  14. should
    should not
  15. In a study comparing boys and girls in terms of reading speed, the dependent variable would be gender.
  16. True
    False
  17. It ___ best to define the dependent variable as equivalent to the data collected in the study.
  18. is
    isn't
  19. Like the full Method section, a well-done description of the procedures should allow a reader to do what?
  20. Summarize the study without notes.
    Anticipate the study's results.
    Think of another study that used the same procedures.
    Replicate the study.
  21. In Excerpt 1.7, we learn that ___ of the participants received behavioral support and educational approaches to exercise.
  22. all
    some
    none
  23. In Excerpt 1.8, we are told that the researcher's power analysis suggested that ___ participants were required in each comparison group.
  24. 8
    16
    32
    64
Results
  1. In Excerpt 1.9, we learn that among the African-American participants, there _____ (was/wasn't) a significant correlation between exercise session attendance and Body Mass Index.
  2. was
    wasn't
  3. The reviewers who serve on editorial boards do not catch all of the mistakes made by researchers.
  4. True
    False
  5. Only sophisticated mathematicians can understand/evaluate what's in an article's Results section.
  6. True
    False
  7. To decipher the Results section of articles, you need to become familiar with the terminology, symbols, and ______ used by researchers.
  8. journals
    logic
    computers
    intuition
Discussion
  1. In the Discussion section, many researchers provide not only an answer to the research question but also their ideas as to why the results turned out as they did.
  2. True
    False
  3. Do researchers ever use the Discussion section to talk about ideas for further investigations?
  4. Yes
    No
  5. The word ______ is sometimes used as a section heading instead of the word "Discussion."
  6. Dialogue
    Commentary
    Conclusion
    Synopsis
  7. In Excerpt 1.10, does the researcher discuss any limitations of his study?
  8. Yes
    No
References
  1. In the Reference section, an author will usually list relevant source material that ___ referred to in earlier parts of the journal article.
  2. was
    wasn't
  3. Excerpt 1.11 contains References. Only some of the items cited in this list were referred to by the author in the "background" section of the article.
  4. True
    False
Two Final Comments
  1. The parts of the research article shown in Excerpts 1.1-1.11 were ____ interconnected.
  2. highly
    loosely
  3. If you can understand completely everything that's included in the abstract of a research article that's aligned with your interests, there's no reason to spend time reading the entire article.
  4. True
    False

 

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